Category Archives: Myeloproliferative neoplasm

Case 100 (part B) – summary

Our patient had a mild neutrophilia. Neutrophilia can be seen in: Neonates Infection Especially bacterial (note marrow depletion may occur leading to neutropenia) Inflammation, autoimmune diseases etc. Acute gout Stressed states with high adrenaline e.g. myocardial infarction, exercise, acidosis, eclampsia, … Continue reading

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Case 100 (part B) – update

Our patient’s neutrophilia/thrombocytosis is attributed to his chest infection. You advise to get a repeat FBC in one month but he forgets and goes to Spain for some ‘winter sun’. On return he has a repeat FBC: Hb 145g/l (115-165) … Continue reading

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Case 100 (part B) – the beginning

You are at a GP surgery and you see a 59 year old gentleman. He has a past history of colorectal cancer than was operated on two years ago and he never needed chemotherapy. He has hypertension and benign prostatic … Continue reading

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Case 96 – summary

Thank you for participating in our case this week. This week we have been looking at a case of JMML (Juvenile myelomonocytic leukaemia), which is a rare clonal haematopoietic disorder of childhood, characterised by the proliferation of granulocytic and monocytic … Continue reading

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Case 96 – update 4

The haematology team has now taken over his care. Bone marrow aspirate has demonstrated a hypercellular marrow with left shift, and there are increased myeloid and monocyte lineages. Blast count is about 4%. There is occasional evidence of haemophagocytosis and … Continue reading

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Case 96 – update 3

The blood film has been reported: – leukocytosis with neutrophilia and monocytosis, there is left shift and toxic granulation and vacuolation. Occasional primitive cells ~ 2%. No nucleated RBCs. The appearances might be reactive/infection related, and infection as well as … Continue reading

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Case 96 – update 2

An USS abdomen has been performed which confirms mild hepato-splenomegaly. CXR was reported as normal. Faecal elastase, TTG, TFTs, ILGF1 all normal. You phone the haematology registrar to look at the blood film in view of the abnormal FBC. Questions: … Continue reading

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Case 89 – summary

  Thank you for all of the contributions with Case 89 where we encountered a fit 64 year old who presented with progressive anaemia and leucocytosis over the past 6 months. He also had associated weight loss of 0.5 stones … Continue reading

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Case 89 – update 2

Thank you for everyone’s contributions so far! Update of investigation results as requested: Bone marrow trephine: myelofibrosis. BM cytogenetics: monosomy 7 Peripheral blood: JAK2 positive. No circulating blasts identified on blood film. USS abdo: 16cm spleen (Hb 95, Plts 90, … Continue reading

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Case 89 – update 1

Thanks for everyones contributions so far. Further information now available as requested by yourselves: Patient decline over past 6 months – 0.5 stone weight loss, no night sweats / fevers. Marked lethargy and generally feeling ‘achey’. Poor appetite but no … Continue reading

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Case 89 – the beginning

A 64  year old man is referred to haematology outpatients with progressive chronic anaemia and leucocytosis. He has previously been very fit but has become very lethargic  over the past few months. Hb 95, MCV 103, Plts 90, WCC 17, … Continue reading

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Case 69 -part 1 – summary

The blood film was leucoerythroblastic with left shifted granulocytes and nucleated red cells. There were tear drop cells with red cell anisopoikilocytosis and enlarged platelets.    A leucoerythroblastic film can be seen in the following: Marrow infiltration (haematopoietic and non-haematopoietic malignancy, … Continue reading

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Case 69 – part 1 – the beginning

A 58 year old gentleman presents with fatigue and weight loss. As part of the work up he has a full blood count performed and a blood film is made:     Questions How name five features on the blood film? … Continue reading

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Case 66 – summary

Thanks for all who have been involved in this week’s case.  We reviewed the causes of thrombocytosis in general and also applicable to pregnancy. Causes of thrombocytosis are usually reactive or secondary to another cause: Blood loss Infection/inflammation Malignancy Thrombopoietin … Continue reading

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Case 66 – update 3

Our patient is diagnosed with essential thrombocythaemia/thrombocytosis (JAK2 V617F positive) and is started on aspirin 75mg od.   At 28 weeks she has a painful swollen left leg. It is hot and tender. An ultrasound confirms a deep vein thrombosis. … Continue reading

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Case 66 – update 2

All reactive causes of thrombocytosis have been ruled out and our pregnant patient has a persistently elevated platelet count of 500×10*9/L. There is no history of VTE or miscarriage. There are no systemic symptoms such as weight loss, rash or … Continue reading

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Case 66 – update 1

Our pregnant patient with thrombocytosis has ferritin checked which is low at 17ug/l. Her CRP was also checked and it was <5ug/l. She is prescribed oral iron replacement – ferrous sulphate 300mg TDS and a FBC post iron replacement shows: … Continue reading

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Case 66 – the beginning

You are a GP and are reviewing blood tests that were taken during a booking appointment for a 29 year old who is 10 weeks into her first pregnancy. They show: Hb 100g/L (105-165) MCV 76fL (82-98fL) WCC 10×10*9/L (4-11) Neutrophils … Continue reading

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Case 52 – summary

Our case was based on a 34 year old lady with a new diagnosis of CML. Diagnosis CML in a proportion of patients is diagnosed on routine blood tests prior to onset of symptoms.  However, symptoms can include: lethargy shortness … Continue reading

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Case 52 – update 2

Great discussion so far regarding staging and options for treatment. Overall I think the consensus is to treat this lady with imatinib. The patient commences treatment and BCR-ABL1 shows a major molecular response at 18 months. At this clinic appointment … Continue reading

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