Tag Archives: bleeding

Case 100 (part D) – summary

The patient had mild thrombocytopenia and has suffered epistaxis. Epistaxis is relatively common and therefore structural causes should also be looked into. This is especially so if the nose bleeds are unilateral. There is a wide differential of why someone … Continue reading

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Case 100 (part D) – update

You repeat the FBC and it shows similar results Hb 141g/l (130-180) MCV 89fl (82-98) WCC 7.5×109/l (4-11) Neutrophils 4.7×109/l (1.7-7.5) Lymphocytes 2.1×109/l  (1.5-4.5) Platelets 70×109/l (150-450) Coagulation screen – normal U&E/LFT – normal Blood film: Questions What is the … Continue reading

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Case 100 (part D) – the beginning

You are a GP evaluating a 12 year old boy with persistent nose bleeds. He otherwise feels well with no past medical history. He is on no medications. FBC shows: Hb 140g/l (130-180) MCV 90fl (82-98) WCC 8.5×109/l (4-11) Neutrophils … Continue reading

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Case 92 – summary

Thanks for your help with the cases. This week we have looked at three different scenarios regarding bleeding or bruising presenting in the paediatric population. The cases although different have some common themes: Coagulation testing in paediatrics is challenging for … Continue reading

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Case 92 – part B

Thanks for your help with case 1 the baby is improving. The following morning you as the Haematology registrar have been referred a 5 year old girl who presented due to parental concern with easy bruising. The bruising was noted … Continue reading

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Case 92 – update part A

Thanks for your help so far An 8 week old baby boy born at 40+2 by Normal vaginal delivery has a CT that confirms a subdural haemorrhage. Results: (With age adjusted reference ranges) FBC – Hb 120 (Low) MCV 120 … Continue reading

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Case 92 – the beginning

This week we will be looking at investigation of bleeding and bruising in the paediatric setting with three short cases. Case 1 An 8 week old baby boy born at 40+2 by Normal vaginal delivery presents with a reduced consciousness … Continue reading

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Case 81 – summary

Thank you for all the contributions to the case this week. The case We looked at a case of a 58 year gentleman who had an incidental finding of thrombocytopenia, whilst on apixaban therapy. Immediate intervention was required to stop … Continue reading

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Case 81 – update 2

Thankfully the bleeding resolves and no surgical intervention is required The platelet count responds to IVIG, and dexamethasone 40mg given for four days. Any further investigations required?   2 week s following commencement of steroids the platelet count has fallen … Continue reading

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Case 81 – update 1

Our followers have come up with a very comprehensive list of investigations! Our advice/investigation included stopping apixaban Checking Fbc ? Any other abnormalities/previous FBC/ clot in sample  coagulation.  Prolonged PT, normal aptt and fibrinogen renal and liver function HIV, hepatitis … Continue reading

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Case 79 – summary

Thankyou for your help this week! This week we had a look at HHT. Our patient was diagnosed with HHT aged 30 after a history of epistaxis was noted. On further questioning she was also found to have cutaneous telangectasia. … Continue reading

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Case 79 – update 2

We have found out our patient has HHT. We know she has epistaxis, and cutaneous telangectasia. She has also required courses of iron for iron deficiency, and is currently anaemic. Patients with HHT may develop AVM and some teamhaem follower … Continue reading

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Case 79 – update 1

So we have an update Our patient has presented with a long history of epistaxis. There is no history of easy bruising.  No bleeding after tooth extraction Her mother died of a brain haemorrhage and also had significant history of … Continue reading

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Case 79 – the beginning

Welcome to our new case! This week we start with a 30 year old lady who has come to her GP for a routine discussion for the contraceptive pill. In her medical history you note that she has had significant … Continue reading

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Case 76 – summary

This case focussed on a newly diagnosed patient with haemophilia A. The patient was three days old and presented non-specifically unwell and feeding poorly. The differential here is wide from sepsis to hypoglycaemia to congenital heart defects and metabolic disorders. … Continue reading

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Case 76 – update 4

Our patient is doing well with recombinant VIII replacement. Monitoring scans reveal shrinking of the haemorrhage. On further questioning his mother suffered bleeding post dental extraction requiring re-packing and menorrhagia along with easy bruising. Haemophilia A is an X linked … Continue reading

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Case 76 – update 3

Our patient is started on recombinant factor VIII replacement and achieves a trough level of 100%. Neurosurgery is not required. Genetic samples are sent to examine the F8 gene to see where the mutation is as this can help investigate … Continue reading

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Case 76 – update 2

Factor assays are back. IX, XI and XII are within normal limits for neonates but VIII is <1%. This confirms the diagnosis of severe haemophilia A.   The child is transferred to the regional haemophilia centre for intensive VIII replacement … Continue reading

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Case 76 – update 1

Our three day old child is admitted unwell and has deranged clotting with a markedly prolonged APTT. The team wanted an ultrasound scan which confirms a small intraparenchymal bleed. Repeat coagulation testing shows: PT 18s (12-14 adult) APTT 92s (30-38 … Continue reading

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Case 70 – part 2 – summary

We have a 76 year old gentleman with AF and a recent CVA making him high risk for thromboembolic events.  He was on dabigatran and presented 5 hours after taking his last dose with haematemesis and a perforated DU.  Dabigatran … Continue reading

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